逼上梁山真相(一)

一说《水浒》,人们就会想起逼上梁山。一说逼上梁山,首先就会想起林冲。传统观点认为,林冲是被逼上梁山的典型,象征着在强权压迫下委曲求全、直到被逼至走投无路后奋起反抗的弱势群体。如果仅了解林冲故事的框架,你只能得出这样的结论。但《水浒》作者的手法一贯是表面上构建,暗地里拆解,真相都隐藏在细节之中。原文字里行间透露出来的信息显示,事情并不是这么简单。

首先要问,高俅为什么陷害林冲?很多人会说,是因为高俅想帮助养子高衙内占有林冲的老婆张氏,但小说的一处细节否定了这个观点。一百回本的第七回说,高衙内在陆虞侯家里调戏林冲老婆不成,翻墙逃走,回家后“不敢对太尉说知”。这位高衙内和今天的顽劣少年没有什么差别,正处于容易冲动的青春期,心智不成熟,干了坏事后,不敢告诉家长。我们从中也可以看出高俅对养子胡作非为的态度:至少不会明目张胆的支持,甚至可能严厉批评,因为高衙内不但不敢把事情告诉高俅,还要假装生病,说自己快要死了,显然在博取原谅或支持。如果高俅一贯地支持他胡来,他就没有必要装病,只需托人把心事告诉高俅就行了。

小说对高衙内的病态可有一大段生动描写,又怎么能看出他是在装病?看下文,在和陆谦、富安商量后,老都管在当天晚上去见高俅,讲明情况。高俅问明事情经过,说了这么一段话:“如此,因为他浑家怎地害他?我寻思起来,若为惜林冲一个人时,须送了我儿性命,却怎生是好?”

按常理,突然听到小孩重病垂危,家长的第一反应是赶紧去看望。可高俅却稳坐府里,暗示老都管拿出一个害林冲的方案。这表明两点,一是高俅知道衙内是在装可怜,没必要看望;二是他早有杀林冲之心,救养子性命只是他对老都管说的借口。

高俅为什么要想杀林冲?从接下来的情节能看到一点端倪。陆谦向高俅献计,设法卖给林冲一把宝刀,再召他带着刀来太尉府上比试,把他骗到白虎堂拿下。这个计策是合理的,林冲是个武人,喜爱兵器很正常。

但林冲买到刀后的自白却有些不正常:端的是把好刀!高太尉府中有一口宝刀,胡乱不肯教人看,我几番借看,也不肯将出来。今日我也买了这口好刀,慢慢和他比试。

试想,如果你有一位很厉害的老板,得到了一件宝贝,轻易不肯示人。你借一两次借不来也就算了,还要几番去借,是不是有点太不知趣了?更有甚者,林冲在得到一件类似的宝贝后,他还想着拿出来,把老板的那件给比下去!

显然,林冲是不把高俅放在眼里的。他在高俅面前时不时摆出兵器控的身份,挑战他的威权,同时也在表达对他的蔑视。

可是,如果翻翻前面六七页,你会发现,高俅本人对林冲极好。富安对衙内说:“他(林冲)在帐下听使唤,大请大受,怎敢恶了太尉?”富安的话随后被陆谦证实。陆谦在酒楼上对林冲说:“如今禁军中虽有几个教头,谁及兄长的本事,太尉又看承得好,却受谁的气?”从富、陆的二人话,可以判断,高俅所说的“惜林冲”并不是一句空言,他真的非常器重林冲,给他很好的待遇和保护。可林冲并不买高俅的账。他对鲁智深说过:“林冲不合吃着他的请受”,后来又对陆谦说:“男子汉空有一身本身,不遇明生,屈沉在小人之下,受这般腌臜的气。

高俅对林冲这么好,林冲为什么不买账?回答这个问题,需要我们先回顾一下高俅的发迹史,这将是下一篇的主要内容。


阅读数 33,238 / 33,238 views



逼上梁山真相(一)》上有 12 条评论

  1. I see something truly interesting about your web site so I saved to favorites .

  2. Merely wanna remark on few general things, The website pattern is perfect, the articles is real wonderful. “Crime does not pay … as well as politics.” by Alfred E. Newman.

  3. I genuinely enjoy examining on this website , it has excellent articles . “For Brutus is an honourable man So are they all, all honourable men.” by William Shakespeare.

  4. Thank you, I’ve recently been looking for information approximately this topic for a long time and yours is the best I have discovered so far. But, what about the bottom line? Are you certain concerning the supply?

  5. Hey bikisoe just wanted to give you a quick heads up and let you know a few of the images aren’t loading properly. I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue. I’ve tried it in two different internet browsers and both show the same outcome.

  6. Thank you for this article modiosas. I might also like to say that it can always be hard while you are in school and simply starting out to create a long credit ranking. There are many college students who are only trying to live and have a long or positive credit history is often a difficult element to have.

  7. Throughout this great hineksi scheme of things you’ll get a B+ just for effort. Exactly where you confused me ended up being in your details. As people say, details make or break the argument.. And that could not be much more true in this article. Having said that, allow me reveal to you just what exactly did deliver the results. Your article (parts of it) is definitely really powerful which is probably the reason why I am making an effort in order to opine. I do not really make it a regular habit of doing that. Secondly, even though I can easily notice the jumps in reason you make, I am definitely not convinced of exactly how you seem to connect the ideas which make the actual conclusion. For right now I will subscribe to your position however wish in the near future you actually link the dots much better.

  8. Felipe Pedro 说道:

    Good info. Lucky me I discovered your blog by chance (stumbleupon). I’ve saved as a favorite for later!

    htttp://freepsncodeslist.blogspot.com

  9. This is a great tip particularly to those fresh to the blogosphere. Brief but very accurate info… Many thanks for sharing this one. A must read post!|

  10. Hola, Una pasada buen contenido Un abrazo

  11. Hello to every one, the contents existing at this web site are in fact remarkable for people knowledge, well, keep up the nice work fellows.|

  12. 911ant 说道:

    点睛 。 :!:

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注

:wink: :-| :-x :twisted: :) 8-O :( :roll: :-P :oops: :-o :mrgreen: :lol: :idea: :-D :evil: :cry: 8) :arrow: :-? :?: :!: