冰球杆指的是什么?

前两天遇到这样一句话:

 

He came in and said, Here we are again looking at a five-year plan that is tough in the first three years, then a hockey stick that shows we’re going to be wonderful five years from now .

 

What does a hockey stick mean here

 

原译:他进来说,现在我们面临的又是一个五年计划,头三年会很困难,然后会出现转机,表明我们从此将度过美妙的5年。’

 

译者试图绕过这个“hockey stick”,看译文也能讲得通,但显然这里不能绕过去,因为它在形容一个急剧的变化,不是转机这么简单。

 

在股票市场上经常可以看到这种变化。有的股票在长时间横盘后,会突然直线飙升,与横轴形成了一个接近90度的夹角,样子像一个直立的冰球杆,人们把这种走势称为“冰球杆图形”(hockey stick graph)。

 

所以,原文本意是说,五年计划的头三年比较艰难,然后销售额会直线上升,显示出今后五年我们将很出色。

 

下面就是一个冰球杆走势图:




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