针对面部毛发的规定起源于美国上世纪六十年代的动荡时期。那时候迪斯尼秉承保守的价值观，着力呈现清爽整洁的美国形象，反对流行的嬉皮士运动。这个决定主要是基于商业考虑，但也折射出迪斯尼本人的价值观。迪斯尼是反共的“保护美国理想电影联盟”（Motion Picture Alliance for the Preservation of American Ideals）的创始人之一。
【顺便说一下，沃特•迪斯尼仍是美国电影学院奖（for Academy Award nominations）及奥斯卡奖（Oscars）获提名最多的纪录保持者，分别是59次和26次——绝对是传奇人物。】
Santa Claus Need Not Apply
February 3, 2012 was a day of special celebration for bearded people, especially in the U.S. states of California and Florida, where the two North American Disneyland theme parks are located.
After 50-plus years, Disneyland U.S. finally relaxed its ban on employing bearded people, effective on that date.
Hong Kong Disneyland, however, which is jointly owned by Disney and the Hong Kong SAR Government, has chosen to uphold its ban on hiring “beardies.”
Too bad, Santa Claus, you wouldn’t qualify for a job here; but then, your Chinese language skills may not be up to snuff anyway.
Let’s give credit where credit is due. Disneyland’s inclusiveness is growing step by step over time. Prior to the year 2000, even people with mustaches were excluded. Since that time, job candidates and staff with neatly trimmed mustaches are OK.
The irony of this is that the creative genius who founded Disney, Walt Disney (1901-1966) himself sported a mustache. This must have been one of those HR policies which applied to everyone but the boss.
The origins of the facial hair policies are rooted in the tumultuous era of the 1960s in America. Disneyland was committed to embodying the values of conservative, clean cut America rather than the hippy movement. This was a strategic business decision, but also a reflection of Disney’s own values. He was a founding member of the anti-communist Motion Picture Alliance for the Preservation of American Ideals.
(Walt Disney, by the way, still holds the all-time record for Academy Award nominations (59) as well as Oscars (26) — an extraordinary legacy.)
Predictably, Hong Kong Disneyland’s maintenance of the “beard ban” has aroused criticism from some segments of the Hong Kong community. Apart from personal choice, the ban could constitute discrimination against Muslims and Sikhs, of whom there are many in Hong Kong, who may wear beards for religious reasons.
Observers have also pointed out the irony that numerous well-known Disney film and animation characters — including Captain Hook, Merlin the Wizard, Captain Nemo, Uncle Remus, and Doc the Dwarf — wear beards. On the other hand, none of them are likely to be applying for jobs at Hong Kong Disneyland any time soon.
Hong Kong Disneyland’s arch competitor in Hong Kong, Ocean Park, does not screen prospective employees for excessive facial hair, nor to my knowledge does any other employer.
Women have traditionally been on the receiving end of far more gender discrimination than men. Hong Kong Disneyland seems to be at the forefront of efforts to balance the score, since most women I know don’t have beards.
Full disclosure: I have a mustache, but not a beard.
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